WASHINGTON – Arizona Senator Kyrsten Cinema, who began her political career with the Green Party and who has sounded alarm over global warming, wants to cut at least $ 100 billion from climate programs in the main legislation pending on Capitol Hill, according to people familiar with the matter
Cinema is one of two centrist Democrats in the Senate whose votes are crucial to passing two bills that together will shape President Biden’s legislative agenda: a $ 1 trillion infrastructure bill and a separate $ 3.5 trillion bill on budget.
Last month, Ms. Cinema The Arizona Republic, “We know that climate change is costing Arizonans. And right now, we have the opportunity to pass smart policies to address it – expect that.” In her run for the Senate in 2018, Ms. Cinema is endorsed by the League of Conservation Voters. And he expressed an interest in using the spending charge to legislate a tax or carbon charge dioxide pollution, which experts say may be among the most effective ways to mitigate global warming.
But the request of Ms. Cinema to reduce spending on climate provisions in a bill that could force Democrats to cut or shrink programs designed to help poor communities adapt to climate change as well as to help companies regulate as the economy moves away from fossil fuels to clean energy.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi insisted in a letter to colleagues this week that climate programs would remain. “The climate crisis is a health issue, an employment issue, a national security issue and a moral issue that the planet will pass on to the next generations in a responsible manner,” Ms. wrote. Pelosi. “This challenge must be addressed by justice for the poor communities, who have been first hit and hardest hit by the climate crisis.”
A spokesperson for Ms. Cinema, John LaBombard, who forcibly denied Ms. LaBombard’s request. Cinema the reduction. “Neither Senator Cinema nor our office has requested or requested such a reduction, nor have we heard any such requests,” he wrote in an email.
People familiar with his request, who asked to speak anonymously because they were not allowed to speak on the record, said he requested a reduction in the climate program as part of a larger effort by Democrats to hunt down ways to lower the price tag of the broader spending law. Mr. Biden initially envisioned a spending package of approximately $ 3.5 trillion, but Democrats are now trying to cut that to $ 2 trillion, to gain support from Ms. Cinema and Senator Joe Manchin III of West Virginia, without whose votes the measure would not have passed.
As Democrats try to cut $ 1.5 trillion from the overall bill, party leaders have vowed to protect at least two major climate change programs, which together total $ 450 billion.
The first, a $ 150 billion proposal known as the Clean Electricity Program, would reward electrical appliances that switch from burning fossil fuels to wind, solar or nuclear power, and punish companies that don’t. The second is a package of approximately $ 300 billion in tax incentives to increase the use of wind and solar power and electric vehicles.
Those two programs could lead to significant reductions in the nation’s global warming pollution and likely stand as the most important climate action the United States has made, analysts said.
But to bring down the cost of the bill, and to appease Cinema, Democrats could still cut or withdraw up to another $ 200 billion from many other climate programs.
“Almost every climate program that isn’t those two will be reduced or completely reduced in that case,” said John Coequyt, director of government affairs at the Rocky Mountain Institute, a research organization focused on climate change policy. .
Those could include a number of programs designed to help poor people adapt to the devastating effects of climate change, as well as $ 30 billion for a “Green Bank” to help communities. to fund the construction of solar panels and electric vehicle charging stations, and $ 30 billion to create a “Civilian Climate Corps” that will hire young adults to work on climate mitigation and adaptation, with half coming from communities of color.
Another possible contender for the chopping block could be a $ 10 billion program to help farm power cooperatives, which provide electricity to more than 40 million people in rural communities. The money aims to lighten the price increases seen by rural residents in their electricity bills as cooperatives make the switch from buying coal -fired energy to wind and solar. Other potential cuts could include a $ 13 billion program to build new electric vehicle charging stations – including $ 1 billion to ensure those stations are built in more low income.
“Absent programs like this, the transition of the economy to different energy sources will be less and equal,” Mr. Coequyt said. “There will be communities that can’t take advantage of new technologies for a whole bunch of different reasons.”
Cutting aid to local communities would also hurt popular support for the transition to a clean energy economy, experts said. “Some of the programs intended to reach rural and low-income communities are really important in maintaining the political coalition for it,” said Dallas Burtraw, an analyst for Resources for the Future, an organization does not engage in research focused on energy and environmental policy “It could be both an economic and political problem if those communities were left behind.”
Scientists and environmental activists in Arizona say those cuts will end up hurting Ms. Cinema.
As one of the nation’s hottest and driest states, Arizona is already at the forefront of the extreme weather line that scientists say is exacerbated by a warming planet. Arizona has been on hold for a decade megadrought, with 95 percent of the state experiencing severe drought conditions. Since 2012, the state has suffered five drought events that have caused a total of $ 22.1 billion in damages, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This year alone nearly half a million acres of the state have been consumed by fires, and many communities have also been flooded by the monsoons. Across Arizona, there was a record 522 heat -related deaths in 2020, according to the state.
“The annual average temperature in Arizona has increased a few degrees due to climate change, which may not sound like much, but it has increased the waves of heat and drought, it has lowered the snowpack that is important to our water supply, and which flows in streams are important to wildlife health, which are important to our farmers and ranchers, ”said Gregg Garfin, a climatologist at the University of Arizona.
Arizona needs federal help to grapple with a warmer climate, he said. “We need a work force,” Mr. Garfin said. “We need funding. Many communities in Arizona lack the budget or expertise to do this. It takes real money. And it’s very important for Arizona.”
Poor and minority communities, which have been disproportionately affected by climate change, should be included in any government plan, said Vianey Olivarria, a director of Chispa Arizona, the state branch of the League of Conservation Voters. “There is no way to have a climate action plan without environmental justice,” he said.
Democrats leading the push for climate action say none of the policies can be saved.
“We can’t slash climate funding into this package. That will return the promise to the voters, to the youth, to the American workers who don’t want to leave,” said Senator Edward J. Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat. “We desperately need a stable Civilian Climate Corps, which will inspire a new generation of young Americans. We need a stable green climate bank that will release for every dollar spent, seven to 10 dollars of private investment sector. That’s a very smart way of making sure that every small city, small town housing authority, small business, can have access to the capital they need to make this transition. “